How to use Publish-Subscribe Pattern with JavaScript

How to use Publish-Subscribe Pattern with JavaScript

hackernoon.com hackernoon.com2 weeks ago in #Dev Love59

@fivanIvan Guzman The code tells you more than a thousand words The result of the next pen shows the case where I’ll use the Publish/Subscribe pattern. Every time you click on the Event button a square is added and a message with the number of squares is displayed. HTML Event This is the alert As part of the layout I have a button that will trigger a btnEvent every time is clicked. You also can see alert and squares div containers that are used to display the message with the number of squares and the squares respectively. CSS .squares { border: solid 1px black; max-width: 300px; min-height: 50px; margin-top: 20px; } .square { border: solid 1px black; width: 150px; height: 50px; margin: 20px auto; } .alert { text-align:center; max-width: 300px; min-height: 20px; margin-top: 20px; } The stylesheet contains the classes to style the .squares and .alert containers; and the .square that is added every time the button is clicked. JavaScript let numberOfSquares = 0; function btnEvent(){ numberOfSquares = 1; // display the squares let squares = ”; Array(numberOfSquares).fill(null).forEach(() ={ squares = ”; }); document.querySelector(‘.squares’).innerHTML = squares; // display alert message const alert = document.querySelector(‘.alert’); alert.innerHTML = `The number of squares is: ${numberOfSquares}`; } The script is composed of the global variable numberOfSquares that stores the number of squares that have been added; and the btnEvent handler wich increments the numberOfSquares by one and displays the message and squares based on numberOfSquares variable. Using Publish/Subscribe Pattern Now that we have the use case, I’ll refactor the code in the script: let numberOfSquares = 0; function btnEvent(){ numberOfSquares = 1; pubsub.publish(‘addSquare’, { numberOfSquares }); } This is how the btnEvent handler will look like at the end of the day. As you can see the only work the handler will do is increment the numberOfSquares by one and publish the ‘addSquare’ event. Here I’m using a Publish/Subscribe Implementation ( pubsub module) which is in charge of executing every function that has been subscribed to the ‘addSquare’ event. The object that is passed as a parameter in the pubsub.publish method ( { numberOfSquares } ) will be accessible to all the functions. Let’s add the rest of the code to understand what I’m talking about. Adding Publish/Subscribe Implementation const pubsub = (() ={ const events = {}; let subscribersId = -1; function publish(event, data) { if (!events[event]) { return false; } const subscribers = events[event]; subscribers.forEach((subscriber) ={ subscriber.func(event, data); }); return true; } function subscribe(event, func) { if (!events[event]) { events[event] = []; } subscribersId = 1; const token = subscribersId.toString(); events[event].push({ token, func, }); return token; } function unsubscribe(token) { const found = Object.keys(events).some((event) =events[event].some((subscriber, index) ={ const areEqual = subscriber.token === token.toString(); if (areEqual) { events[event].splice(index, 1); } return areEqual; })); return found ? token : null; } return { publish, subscribe, unsubscribe, }; })(); Adding subscribers function displaySquares(_event, data) { let squares = ”; Array(data.numberOfSquares).fill(null).forEach(() ={ squares = ”; }); document.querySelector(‘.squares’).innerHTML = squares; } function displayAlert(_event, data){ const alert = document.querySelector(‘.alert’);  » Read More

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