Design an accessible user interface for color blinds

2 years ago in #Typography Love0

Color blindness (color vision deficiency, or CVD) affects approximately 1 in 12 men (8%) and 1 in 200 women in the world. If your design is unsightly or hard to read for this substantial group, you should consider making a more accessible user interface for color blinds. There is more than just one type of color-blindness, and all of them have a direct relation to the available photoreceptors in the eye. There is Monochromatism, Dichromatism, Anomalous trichromatism, Tritanopia (Tritanomaly), Deuteranopia (Deuteranomaly), and Protanopia (Protanomaly) type. In this article, we are going to talk about: What is color, blindness? Why designing for color blinds is important? What challenges color blinds face? How bad is the situation for them? How can we help them? Easy to Spot Links Stats about colorblind people Tips on designing for colorblind (Bad colors) Tools to improve designs for color blinds What is color blindness? Color blindness is also known as color vision deficiency and is the decreased ability to see color or differences in color, and unfortunately, there is no cure for it.  Males are more likely to be colorblind than females because the genes responsible for the most common forms of color blindness are on the X chromosome.  Red-green color blindness is the most common form, followed by blue-yellow color blindness and total color blindness. Red-green color blindness affects up to 8% of males and 0.5% of Northern European females.  Many people think that if you suffer from red-green color blindness, this are the only two colors you can’t distinguish. But that is false. Color blindness doesn’t relate to only two color hues you can’t distinguish. It is the whole spectrum that is affected. Being color blind makes people ineligible for certain jobs in certain countries. This includes job positions like pilot, train driver, crane operator, and working in the armed forces.  Color blindness affects on artistic ability, however, is controversial. The ability to draw does not appears to be changed, and a number of famous artists are believed to have been color blind. Why designing for color blinds is important? Everybody deserves to be a part of the web community, and their disability should not be a reason to why they are isolated from it.  Helping colorblind people be a part of your web site community throw your design is just the right thing to do in both professional and moral aspects. As a normally sighted person, it’s hard to imagine what your work is going to look like to a colorblind eye. And yet, this can make a huge impact. Websites are a significant concern because they must be legible and easy to navigate for all users; after all, they are meant to be seen by everyone, no matter if they are colorblind or not. Designing in a way that helps color blind people read your posts better can also bring you an additional organic traffic of new readers and audiences that can themselves bring more people like that to your website. What challenges color blinds face? People with color-blindness certainly live more complicated and difficult lives in most cases, especially when it comes to work and education. People with color-blindness certainly face many difficulties in everyday life, which generally sighted people aren’t aware. Challenges can arise in every activity you can think of, including choosing and preparing food, gardening, driving, etc.  Simple tasks like selecting ripe fruit, choosing clothing, and reading traffic lights for example can be quite challenging due to that, and it gets worse as age progresses.  Color vision deficiency may also make some educational activities even more difficult. Thankfully most…

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